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included children who brought their lunch to
school. We think these differences may reflect the
uniqueness of the home environment in home-
school families, but future research is needed to
know for sure.¡±
Cardel is now focusing her efforts on understand-
ing the influence of race/ethnicity and socioeco-
nomic differences on dietary intakes and obesity
risk in elementary school students.
2013 November
Pg 8 - The Sunshine Express
Health & Nurturing
Deep Sleep Is ¡®Beauty Sleep¡¯
Although scientists are still trying to learn exactly
why people need sleep, animal studies show
that sleep is necessary for survival. For example,
while rats normally live for two to three years,
those deprived of REM sleep survive only about
5 weeks on average, and rats deprived of all sleep
stages live only about 3 weeks. Sleep-deprived
rats also develop abnormally low body tempera-
tures and sores on their tail and paws. The sores
may develop because the rats¡¯ immune systems
become impaired. Some studies suggest that
sleep deprivation affects the immune system in
detrimental ways.
Sleep appears necessary for our nervous sys-
tems to work properly. Too little sleep leaves us
drowsy and unable to concentrate the next day. It
also leads to impaired memory and physical per-
formance and reduced ability to carry out math
calculations. If sleep deprivation continues, hal-
lucinations and mood swings may develop. Some
experts believe sleep gives neurons used while
we are awake a chance to shut down and repair
themselves. Without sleep, neurons may become
so depleted in energy or so polluted with byprod-
ucts of normal cellular activities that they begin
to malfunction. Sleep also may give the brain a
chance to exercise important neuronal connec-
tions that might otherwise deteriorate from lack
emotions, decision-making processes, and social
interactions is drastically reduced during deep
sleep, suggesting that this type of sleep may help
people maintain optimal emotional and social
functioning while they are awake. A study in rats
also showed that certain nerve-signaling patterns
which the rats generated during the day were
repeated during deep sleep. This pattern repeti-
tion may help encode memories and improve
of activity.
Deep sleep coincides
with the release of
growth hormone in
children and young
adults. Many of the
body¡¯s cells also show
increased production
and reduced break-
down of proteins dur-
ing deep sleep. Since
proteins are the build-
ing blocks needed
for cell growth and
for repair of damage
from factors like stress
and ultraviolet rays,
deep sleep may truly
be ¡°beauty sleep.¡±
Activity in parts of the
brain that control
Clean, Separate, Cook & Chill
Home Schooled Kids Leaner Than Traditionally
Schooled Kids; Study results surprise researchers
10/17/2013, Aurora, CO: The results of a recent
study show kids that are home-schooled are
leaner than kids attending traditional schools.
The results challenge the theory that children
spending more time at home may be at risk for
excessive weight gain.
The study was published in the journal Obesity
abstract] and conducted by researchers from Uni-
versity of Colorado¡¯s Anschutz Health and Well-
ness Center (AHWC) and University of Alabama
at Birmingham. It looked at both home-schooled
and traditionally-schooled children between the
ages of seven and 12 in Birmingham.
Participants and their parents reported diet, the
RSVP Seeks Volunteers
with Passions
Retired Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP-Colo.
West, Inc.) is looking for volunteers age 55 and
older, to serve in the following counties: Delta,
Montrose, Gunnison, Ouray, and San Miguel.
We provide FREE supplemental liability insur-
ance while you¡¯re traveling back and forth to
your volunteer location, and during the time you
volunteer! We have immediate need for short-
term and long-term positions. Call immediately:
970.249.9639. We will do our best to match you
with your passions to help the community.
Home School Negative Debunked
kids¡¯ physical activity was moni-
tored and they were measured
for body fat, among other things.
¡°Based on previous research,
we went into this study think-
ing home-schooled children
would be heavier and less active
than kids attending traditional
schools,¡± said Michelle Cardel,
PhD, RD, the study¡¯s lead au-
thor. ¡°We found the opposite.¡±
The results show that home-
schoolers were less likely to be
obese than the traditionally-
schooled kids, even though kids
in both groups were getting the
same amount of moderate to
vigorous physical activity.
The calorie intakes were also
similar, except at lunchtime.
Kids in traditional schools were
consuming significantly more
calories, sodium, and sugar at
New school guidelines aimed at
more nutritious lunches had not
yet taken effect when the study
data was collected from 2005 to
¡°We applaud the new school
meal guidelines and efforts to
give kids healthy options at
school,¡± Cardel said. ¡°We don¡¯t
know if we would have seen
these same results if we had
Have Time To Spare?
USDA Says Be Food Safe For Holiday Buffets
Hosting a holiday party requires good cheer, but
also expertise in preparing food for large groups.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture¡¯s ¡°Be Food
Safe¡± campaign can help prevent foodborne ill-
ness from ruining your buffet.
It all starts with ¡°Clean, Separate, Cook and
Chill.¡± They are the four basics of safe food prep-
aration. Clean is washing your hands, cutting
surfaces and utensils. Separate raw and cooked
foods so you don¡¯t cross contaminate. Cook food
thoroughly and check the temperature with a
food thermometer - 165 degrees Fahrenheit for
poultry and casseroles, 160 degrees Fahrenheit
for ground beef. Then, importantly, chill leftovers
within two hours (< 2 hrs.).
For holiday buffets, you must keep hot food hot
and cold food cold. If you¡¯re transporting cooked
food from one location to another, you want to
keep it hot by carrying it in an insulated contain-
er. If you¡¯re transporting cold foods, use a cooler
with ice or a commercial freezing gel, then place
it on ice on the buffet. Chafing dishes, warming
trays and slow cookers are all fine to keep hot
foods hot. But you don¡¯t want to re-heat in them.
They¡¯re just for maintaining that reheated tem-
perature. Make sure to heat foods to at least 165
degrees Fahrenheit.
You should also beware of raw eggs. If you¡¯re
serving eggnog made with raw eggs, make it
safely from a cooked egg-milk mixture, heating
gently until it reaches 160 degrees Fahrenheit on
a food thermometer. Or serve pasteurized egg-
nog. For more information call the USDA¡¯s Meat
and Poultry Hotline at 1.888.MPHotline, or ask a
food safety question at For a free
copy of ¡°Cooking for Groups¡± write FCIC, 604-H,
Pueblo, CO 81009. (source: