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The Good News
Colorado Angler Survey Available
2013 June
Pg 3 - The Sunshine Express
Xcel Energy Seeks
Biomass Demo Facility
on the opportunities, costs, benefits, and barriers
to the application and deployment of small hy-
dropower technologies in agricultural operations
throughout the state.
The goal is to identify small hydropower renew-
able energy opportunities based on the ¡°achiev-
ability¡± of those opportunities. It will also be
important to recognize opportunities that are
technologically, but not yet economically, feasible
to identify future needs for CDA programs, poli-
cies, and strategies.
¡°Our project will identify the most achievable
opportunities for small hydro development for
existing dams, ditches and canals and on-farm
irrigation systems, including center pivots, and
will recommend future actions for the Colo-
rado Department of Agriculture,¡± said Lindsay
George, Project Engineer, Applegate Group.
¡°The majority of hydropower in Colorado was
installed prior to 1990 with very few installations
in the last 20 years. Understanding which small
hydro opportunities have been developed and
why some opportunities are not being developed
is critical information for identifying barriers and
recommending achievable projects,¡± said Tellu-
ride Energy CEO, Kurt Johnson.
The final report and recommendations are expect-
ed in December 2013. The Department will then
use this information to focus ACRE resources on
the implementation of small hydropower tech-
Colorado¡¯s human population is growing and be-
coming more diverse. Colorado Parks and Wildlife
is making sure to keep pace. A 2012 Angler Survey
report commissioned by the agency unveiled an
informative collection of data that will allow the
agency to serve the needs of a changing sport-
fishing culture.
The survey respondents let Colorado Parks and
Wildlife know that they preferred fishing for trout
and that the overall satisfaction level of anglers
was high. Results also revealed the potential im-
pact of a changing sport-fishing demographic on
the Colorado¡¯s hatchery system.
¡°We¡¯re trying measure how angler demand might
change over the next 10-20 years,¡± said Stacy
Lischka, a human dimensions specialist and com-
piler of the survey. ¡°This is critical information
that will help us provide the angling opportunities
people would like to have in Colorado.¡±
The majority of both resident and non-resident
anglers responded that they were either ¡°very¡± or
¡°somewhat¡± satisfied with their fishing experience
in Colorado. Thirty-three percent of residents said
they were ¡°very¡± satisfied, along with 48 percent
of non-residents, and 33 percent of resident an-
glers responded that they were ¡°somewhat¡± satis-
fied with their experience, compared to 32 percent
of non-residents.
Despite the positive response, the survey indicates
there is room for improvement. Forty-six percent
of resident anglers wanted additional fishing
opportunities for rainbow, brown and cutthroat
trout. Non-residents favored brown, cutthroat
and lake trout, with 64 percent wanting additional
opportunities to fish for those species. Currently,
rainbow, cutthroat and brown trout make up most
of the agency¡¯s hatchery fish. The majority of fish
caught in Colorado are stocked by the agency.
Because Colorado Parks and Wildlife¡¯s hatchery
system is aging, increasing these numbers to meet
angler desires may require an update and expan-
sion of the system. ¡°The majorities of our hatcher-
ies are more than 75 years old and require nearly
constant maintenance,¡± said Chief of Hatcheries
Matt Nicholl. ¡°Recent budget constraints have lim-
ited our ability to keep up with repairs, much less
provide upgrades.¡±
Along with an aging hatchery system, Colorado¡¯s
anglers are aging as well. As a larger number of
older anglers retire, they may spend more time on
the water. The survey found that more than half
of anglers 51 to 70 years old bought a license in
all of the last five years, whereas just 37 percent of
anglers under 50 purchased licenses every year.
More anglers on the water may increase demand
for accessible public access sites or lead to crowd-
ing at existing sites. In addition, as the angler
population ages, a higher proportion of Colo-
rado¡¯s anglers are becoming eligible for the Senior
License, and that could prove problematic for the
agency. Colorado residents over the age of 64 pay
only one dollar for a fishing license, so as more
anglers reach that age, fishery management could
face a drop-off in funding.
Other notable findings include a potential for
increased pressure on future trout stocks. The
Colorado State Demographer¡¯s Office projects an
expected decrease in the proportion of Colorado¡¯s
white, non-Hispanic population, while the pro-
portion of the Hispanic population is expected to
increase. Survey results indicate Hispanic anglers
are more likely to keep their catch than non-His-
panic anglers. Although these shifts are unlikely to
change species preferences, it also could affect the
way the agency markets fishing to anglers.
The survey was sent to 3,000 randomly selected
anglers, 1,500 residents and 1,500 non-residents,
with 1,404 respondents.
A copy of the 2012 Colorado Angler Survey Fact
Sheet is available on the CPW website. The full
report is available by contacting Stacy Lischka at
megawatts of generation, under special provisions
of CO¡¯s Renewable Energy Standard(RES) statute.
¡°Since 2007, Xcel Energy has been investigating
small, forest biomass project opportunities. Because
the overall health of Colorado forests has degraded
due to drought and infestation, there has been
increasing interest among various stakeholders to
pursue this type of demonstration project,¡± said
David Eves, president and CEO of Public Service
Co. of Colorado, an Xcel Energy company.
¡°Xcel Energy would gain valuable experience
concerning the potential use of biomass for future
electricity generation, and we would be able to
determine whether this type of technology is a rea-
sonable and promising way to address the health
of our Colorado forests,¡± Eves added.
Some of these affected areas are close to the Xcel
Energy¡¯s service territory in Colorado, and could
have future impact on company infrastructure and
service reliability, which makes the project of inter-
est to the company.
In addition, the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) is
increasing its forest health restoration efforts, and
has indicated to Xcel Energy that it wants a better
understanding of whether woody biomass byprod-
ucts from its forest treatment efforts can be feasibly
used for heat and electricity.
¡°The Forest Service supports the use of biomass for
energy. Expanding this opportunity carries out our
priority to accelerate the pace of forest restoration,
(¡®Biomass¡¯ continued on pg 4 >>)
nologies in the most cost effective ways pos-
sible to benefit Colorado agriculture.
For more on CDA¡¯s Advancing Colorado¡¯s
Renewable Energy program, visit www.colo- and click on ¡°energy.¡±
CDA Explores Small Hydropower
Through the ¡°Advancing Colorado¡¯s
Renewable Energy¡± (ACRE) pro-
gram, the Colorado Department of
Agriculture hopes to create a small
hydropower road map for Colorado
In 2012, the Colorado General As-
sembly reauthorized funding over
five years for CDA¡¯s ACRE program.
The program¡¯s purpose is to promote
the feasibility and development of
agricultural energy-related projects.
In past years, ACRE has funded a
broad array of research, feasibility,
and implementation projects in agri-
cultural applications of many types
of renewable energy and energy ef-
ficient technologies.
¡°In 2013, CDA will focus ACRE re-
sources in just a few energy themes,
including small hydropower applica-
tions,¡± said Eric Lane, CDA¡¯s Con-
servation Services division director.
¡°We continue to explore new op-
portunities in renewable energy and
energy efficiency within our agricul-
tural community that will, in turn,
help producers, the environment and
the state as a whole.¡±
Applegate Group and Telluride
Energy have received an ACRE grant
totaling $86,540 to collect, aggregate,
and analyze market research data
Funding For Hydropower
Generation facility would help address
Colorado forest health issues
In an effort to spur the development of new
generating technologies and contribute to
forest health in the state, Xcel Energy filed,
on May 20, with the Colorado Public Utilities
Commission (CPUC) for approval of a dem-
onstration project to solicit electricity produc-
tion from gasification of forest biomass.
Xcel Energy would seek bids for a power
purchase agreement (PPA) of up to two